Traffic light UK signals flow

1. Red. Stop
Wait behind the stop line of carriageway

2. Red & Amber. Prepare to go
Get ready to go but do not pass through or start until the Green shows

3. Green. Go
You can go if the way is clear. Take care if there are pedestrians, especially if you intend to turn left or right

4. Amber. Stop if safe
You may continue going only if pull up might cause an accident or Amber appeared after you crossed the stop line

5. Red. Stop
See number 1

What is the minimum age for someone to supervise a person who is learning to drive?

The supervisor must be at least 21 years old and must have held his or her own full licence in the EU for three years.

When turn on hazard light

When should hazard lights be activated while you are driving? – On motorway or dual carriageway to warn motorists behind you of hazards ahead.

Explanation: On a motorway or dual carriageway, if you see a hazard ahead, you can use your hazard lights to alert motorists behind you to the hazard. They will be able to prepare for the hazard ahead.

Wet road emergency stop rule

While travelling on a wet road, you need to make an emergency stop. What should you do? – Keep both hands on a steering wheel.

Explanation: On a wet road, your vehicle may be more difficult to control in an emergency stop. Hence, you should keep both hands on the steering wheel so you can control the car effectively.

Water effect to brakes

After travelling through deep water that has gathered on a road surface, you should – reduce your speed and apply little pressure to your brakes simultaneously.

Explanation: Water can decrease the effectiveness of your brakes. To clear the water and dry the brakes, apply the brakes very gently while driving.

Traffic light :: Yellow light rule

When an amber light is lit (is on) alone, it means that the traffic light is about to change to red. However, when both red and amber are lit, it means that the light will shortly change to green.

Hump on the road или лежачий полицейский

Motorway studs (also called cat’s eyes)



Red stud – edge of the road
Green stud – mark the area when slip road merges the carriageway or motorway.
White stud – separates lanes in the middle of the road
Amber stud – central reservation of carriageway of motorway
Greenish/yellow studs – temporary adjustments to lane layouts, e.g. where road works are taking place

Narrow road rules or when road available only for one car

It’s not actually law, but the advice is that if the obstruction is on your side of the road, then you should give way.
If both sides of the road are restricted, the safest thing to do is stop (because you take control of the situation).

If the obstruction (obstacle) is on your side
and you see oncoming traffic – then you give way to oncoming traffic waiting behind the obstruction and pass when safe to do so.
You should not overtake the obstruction if it may cause oncoming traffic to swerve or slow down. Actually, It’s the same for all overtaking whether the “obstacle” is stationary or not.
if no oncoming traffic – move out as early as possible.

If the obstruction is on the other side, take a bold position – towards the centre line – but be prepared to give up space, through sidewyas movement or braking, if the other driver is intent on coming through anyway.

Common minor driving faults for automatic cars

The most common minor driving test faults for automatic cars are:

Cockpit drill: Didn’t check the gear stick before signaling to move off. For example if a gear is in (P) parked position and you signal right to move off whilst you should’ve move it to (D) drive position. Another example if you forgot to release the handbrake or opposite not apply handbrake.

Moving away: Not making proper checks before moving off is a minor fault which could become a serious one if you move away when it‘s unsafe to do so.

Reverse parking: You shouldn’t be too far from the kerb or parked at an angle to it after your reverse park. Also look out of the rear window and exterior mirrors as well while reversing and watch for pedestrians when performing this manoeuvre.

Controls: You’ll need to activate the wipers if it’s raining and the lights if it’s dark. If visibility is reduced (such as in heavy rain), you should also switch the lights on so you can be seen.

Awareness: Your examiner is expecting to see evidence that you’re aware of what’s going on around you at all times. That means knowing about other road users nearby, reacting to the signals of other drivers, correctly interpreting road markings and signs and using your indicators appropriately.