Parking at night in a road

Park with parking lights on if speed is higher than 30mph. Also park in a direction of traffic flow and not close to the junction.

Uk Road Lines

In the UK, there are many roadway lines that drivers need to pay attention to while traveling in their cars:

Broken white centre line: this dashed line down the centre of the carriageway divides traffic traveling in opposite directions. The dashes and the gaps between them are roughly the same size.

Broken white hazard warning line (centre): this dashed line warns drivers of an upcoming hazard such as the approach to a junction or a bend in the road. The dashes are longer than the ones used for the centre line and the gaps are much smaller between them.

Broken white lane line: this dashed line divides the lanes of traffic traveling in the same direction. The dashes are shorter and the gaps between them are longer than the centre line.

Drivers should not cross a broken white line unless they can see the road is clear. The main reason for motorists to cross over road white lines would be to overtake another vehicle or to turn off the road.


Double solid white lines: these lines are not to be crossed unless the driver is turning into a side road or property. They can also be crossed if the driver is trying to pass around a cyclist, horseback rider, or road work vehicle.

Single solid white line: this line is painted on the left sides of the carriageway. They usually exist on private driveways and lay-bys.

Double solid yellow lines: these lines show drivers where there is absolutely no waiting at any time.

Single solid yellow line: this line shows drivers that there are part-time parking restrictions enforced in the area.

Double and single red lines: these lines show drivers that there are stopping, loading, and parking restrictions enforced in the area.

Yellow zig-zagged lines: these lines are generally used to mark police and fire stations, schools, and hospitals. Generally speaking, there is no parking in these areas.

Car external lights

Use headlights when visibility is reduced and cannot see more than 100 meters.
Dipped headlights (ближний свет)

dipped - опущенный, погружённый

Dipped lights tilt downwards, giving you extra visibility without dazzling oncoming traffic. They used most of the times.

They’re basically the middle step, between just your side lights and full beam

They’re safe to use:

At night - which is defined as the period between half an hour after sunset and half an hour before sunrise

During daytime when visibility is reduced, in fog, early morning, the rain

Side lights

These are the small white lights located at the corners of the front of your car. When you switch these on, the licence plate and tail lights at the rear also illuminate.

It’s a legal requirement to use them when you’re parking a car at night in an area where the speed limit is 30mph or more

Full beam headlights (Дальний свет)

These are seriously bright lights – great for helping you gain as much visibility as possible in the dark.

Can dazzle other road users, therefore:

  • Only use them on empty stretches of road at night
  • Don’t use them in the daytime – use dipped beams or side lights instead
  • Switch to your dipped beams when you are overtaking at night
  • Don’t use them when one of your dipped beams is faulty or not working (these should be replaced straight away if they are not working)

Fog lights

When fog appears you want to have as much visibility as you can, and equally as important, to inform other road users to your presence.

Using it in foggy conditions is recommended, but not a legal requirement

  • You should use one rear fog light in the UK when fog hits – this is the minumum number of fog lights that all cars are fitted with
  • Never use fog lights when the weather is clear – you’ll face a £30 fine

Tram Light Signals

When notify licensing authority

1. If your health affects your driving

2. If your eyesight does not meet a set standard

3. If you change your vehicle

Warning triangle distance

Put it at least 45 metres (147 feet) behind your broken-down vehicle on the same side of the roa


An organized walk

An organized walk = At a night a pedestrian wearing reflective clothing and carrying a bright red light

Stopping distance explained

Overall stopping distance = when you think and brake together

mph = miles per hour


20 mph = 12 meters (40 feet)

30 mph = 23 meters (75 feet)

40 mph = 36 meters (120 feet)

50 mph = 53 meters (175 feet)

60 mph = 73 meters (240 feet)

70 mph = 96 meters (315 feet)


In WET condition braking distance is DOUBLED
In icy (snow) conditions braking distance is MULTIPLIED BY TEN

Vehicle siren beacon colours


Ambulance (including lone paramedics on equipped motorcycles and organ transportation)
Fire service
Mountain or cave rescue
Bomb disposal (military or civilian)


Doctor (any vehicle used by a medical practitioner registered by the General Medical Council whether with full, provisional or limited registration)


Statutory immobilisation or removal vehicle
Breakdown vehicle
Road clearance or maintenance vehicle (including maintenance of any apparatus in, on, under or over a road)
Refuse collection vehicle
Vehicles with a maximum speed of less than 25mph (including its trailer)
Vehicles with an overall width exceeding 2.9 metres
Escort vehicle when used below 25mph
HMRC fuel testing vehicle
Surveying vehicle

Pedestrian crossings

1. Zebra crossing

2. Pelican crossing – means Pedestrian Light Controlled Crossing. Has flashing amber light phase for pedestrians to finish crossing before switching to red.

3. Puffin crossing – means Pedestrian User-Friendly Intelligent crossings. Light automatically controlled by sensor.

4. Toucan crossing – means Two-Can Cross. Similar to pelican crossing except no need for cyclist to dismount, can cross by cycling the bicycle.

5. Equestrian crossing – also known as Pegasus crossing